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#75179 - 01/28/05 04:12 PM What is it? Glossary of Common Words
Moderator2 Offline
Flock Leader

Registered: 09/29/04
Posts: 347
Loc: Eastern USA
Alektorophobia. Fear of chickens.

Auto-Sexing. A breed in which the male and female day-old chicks can be distinguished. Some physical characteristic must be observable that is different in males than females. The important difference between a sex-link hybrid and an auto-sexing breed is that the auto-sexing breed is a pure, true-breeding strain and not a hybrid.

Avian. Pertaining to birds.

Bantam. A miniature chicken, about one-fourth the size of a full-size chicken.

Banty. Affectionate word for bantam.

DE. Digestible energy: the science of measuring Input/output by deducting the waste from the equation.

DE. Diatomaceous Earth: siliceous sedimentary rock with a variety of uses.

Beard. The feathers (always found in association with a muff) bunched under the beaks of such breeds as Antwerp Belgian, Faverolle, and Houdan.

Bill Out. Use of beak to scoop feed out of feeder onto floor.

Bleaching. The fading of color from the beak, shanks, and vent of yellow-skinned laying hens.

Bloom. The moist, protective coating on a freshly laid egg the dries so fast one rarely sees it; also the peak condition of a show bird.

Blowout. Vent damage caused by an over-sized egg.

Booted. Having feathers on shanks and toes.

Break Up. To discourage a hen from setting.

Breed. A population of a species that have distinct characteristics that differentiate them from other populations in that species. Individuals within that population that reproduce with another individual of the population will produce offspring that are recognizable as members of that population. Breeds can further be subdivided into varieties based on differences within the breed.

Broiler. A young, tender meat chicken; also called fryer.

Brood. To care for a batch of chicks; also the chicks themselves.

Brooder. A mechanical device used to imitate the warmth and protection a mother hen gives her chicks.

Broody. A hen that covers eggs to warm and hatch them.

Candle. To examine the contents of an intact egg with a light.

Candler. A light used to examine the contents of an egg.

Cannibalism. The bad habit chickens have of eating each other's flesh, feathers, or eggs.

Cape. The narrow feathers between a chicken's neck and back.

Capon. A castrated rooster.

Chook. Slang for chicken.

Clutch. A batch of eggs that are hatched together, either in a nest or in an incubator.

Cock. A male chicken that is at least one year old.

Cockerel. A male chicken that is less than one year old.

Comb. The usually red or purplish fleshy out growth on top of the head.

Coop. The house where a chicken lives.

Crest. A puff of feathers on the heads of breeds such as Houdan, Silkie, or Polish; also called a topknot.

Crop. A pouch at the base of a chicken neck that bulges after a chicken has eaten; also to trim a chickens wattles.

Cull. To eliminate a non-productive or inferior chicken from the flock; also the non-productive or inferior chicken itself.

Dam. The mother.

Debeak. To remove a portion of a bird's top beak to prevent cannibalism.

Droppings. Chicken manure.

Dub. To trim a comb.

Dust or dust bath. The habit chickens have of thrashing around in soft soil to clean their feathers and discourage parasites.

Egg tooth. A horny cap on a chick's upper beak that helps the chick pip through the shell.

Enteritis. Inflammation of the intestine.

Fecal. Pertaining to feces.

Feces. Droppings or body waste.

Feral. Wild, untamed; not domesticated.

Flock. A group of chickens living together.

Fowl. Domesticated birds raised for food; also a stewing hen.

Free Range. To allow chickens to roam pasture at will.

Frizzle. Feathers that curl rather than laying flat.

Gizzard. An organ that contains grit for grinding up grain or plant fiber a chicken eats.

Grit. Sand and small pebbles eaten by chickens and used by its gizzard to grind food.

Hackles. A rooster's cape feathers.

Hen. A female chicken that is at least one year old.

Hock. The joint between the lower thigh and shank; sometimes incorrectly referred to as the knee.

Hybrid. A cross breed; typically used for a purposeful crossing of two species to produce offspring with a unique set of characteristics. Mating two hybrid birds will not produce offspring with the same characteristics of the parents. (See Breed)

Keel. The breast bone.

Litter. Bedding; also used to collect and hold droppings.

Molt or Moult. The annual shedding and renewing of a bird's feathers.

Necropsy. A postmortem examination; equivalent to a human autopsy.

Pasting. Loose droppings sticking to the vent area.

Pecking Order. The social rank of chickens.

Pip. The hole a newly formed chick makes in its shell when it's ready to hatch; also the act of making the hole.

Pullet. A female chicken that is less than one year old.

Rooster. A male chicken.

Saddle. The part of the chicken's back just before the tail.

Sex-Link. A genetic trait that creates a difference (usually in color) between males and females. Most often this is used to refer to traits that make chicks of different genders visibly distinct for ease of sexing. The term may apply to the gene or characteristic, or is often applied to hybrid crosses that display this characteristic such as the Golden Sex-link.

Sickles. Long, curved tail feathers on some roosters.

Sire. The father.

Spent. No longer laying well.

Starve-Out. Failure of chicks to eat.

Straight Run. Newly hatched chicks that have not been sexed.

Vent. The outside opening of the cloaca, through which the chicken emits eggs and droppings from separate channels.

Wattles. The two red purplish flaps of flesh that dangle from under a chicken's chin.

Edited by Foehn (12/29/11 08:02 PM)

#75180 - 10/15/08 06:50 AM Re: What is it? Glossary of Common Words
Ryu Offline

Registered: 07/12/08
Posts: 35
Loc: Iowa
DE is Digestable Energy. It is calculated by subtracting the calories lost in feces from the amount of calories in feed.

#100998 - 12/29/11 09:31 AM Re: What is it? Glossary of Common Words [Re: Ryu]
BarnGoddess Offline
New Egg

Registered: 12/29/11
Posts: 6
Loc: Ontario, Canada
Could someone define the term "split" for me and what it means in chicken breeding?

#101005 - 12/29/11 02:31 PM Re: What is it? Glossary of Common Words [Re: BarnGoddess]
Wieslaw Online   content
Classroom Professor

Registered: 09/18/09
Posts: 3860
Loc: Denmark
Welcome to the coop.

I use this in the same meaning as heterozygous, but then , I'm not a native English speaker. Silver split with gold: you have silver in one locus and gold in the other. 'Silver broken up by gold'. In chicken breeding it means that for example a cock which is 'silver/gold split' can make both types of daughters: silver and gold. It is written S/s+.


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